Artificial intelligence set to transform emergency department decisions

Two men and a women stand outside. One man has a stethoscope draped around his neck.
Fiona Stanley Hospital Cardiologist Dr Girish Dwivedi, with AI Scientist Juan Lu and PhD candidate Dr Jonathon Stewart, both from The University of Western Australia.
November 1, 2019

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has huge potential to improve the investigation and management of patients presenting to emergency departments (ED), according to Fiona Stanley Hospital (FSH) Cardiologist Dr Girish Dwivedi.

Girish is heading a three-year project aimed at developing and implementing an accurate AI-driven system to determine which tests are most suitable for individual patients with chest pain – a first for WA.

A world-class multidisciplinary team of physicians, computer scientists and data linkage experts will work on the project, thanks to a $235,000 Rapid Applied Research Translation (RART) grant from the Medical Research Future Fund.

The project will start at FSH ED and then extend to St John of God Midland ED.

“The choice of the most appropriate investigation for the patient is becoming increasingly complex, and this is where AI-driven clinical decision-making tools that give a personalised rating of various advanced cardiovascular investigations will be a big help,” Girish said.

“There are many types of investigations are available, each with their strengths and weaknesses,” Girish said.

Choosing the right tests at the right time could reduce patient harm and provide more effective and efficient health care.

“This is ground-breaking, precision medicine,” Girish said. “It will allow us to practice very safe medicine, by matching the tests to the patient.”

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